What Are Stablecoins? A Complete Guide

There’s no one entity calling the shots when it comes to crypto-collateralized stablecoin funds. They also have better risk distribution as they usually are backed by multiple cryptocurrencies. The advantage of holding onto commodity collateralized stablecoins is that its holder actually has a share in something that has got real value – unlike most cryptocurrencies.

The stablecoin can also be used in several decentralized finance protocols. Traders find it useful to hold USDC as a stable asset that avoids market volatility. Unlike an algorithmic stablecoin, commodity-backed stablecoins are collateralized by interchangeable assets, like precious metals. Some issuers, like Daxos Gold and Kitco Gold, design their stablecoin to work by cashing out coins with gold bars.

By far, collateralized stablecoins are the most popular, well-used, and widely circulated – accounting for the lion’s share of the combined total market cap. So far, none of the projects in the other two categories have achieved any meaningful success by comparison. Though the kinks are still being ironed out, Stablecoins have a huge potential to change the global payment landscape.

  • But instead of using the fiat as collateral, cryptocurrencies are locked up as collateral that backs up the crypto-backed stablecoin.
  • Importance of fiat backed stablecoin by identifying a clear definition of the same.
  • They also have better risk distribution as they usually are backed by multiple cryptocurrencies.
  • The lending rates can vary on Oasis but historically range from 0% to 8.75%.
  • She has previously worked as a freelance reporter for various famous Finance media platforms.
  • Non-collateralized stablecoins can quickly go to zero during sudden market events as there will be no collateral to liquidate the coin back into.

With inspiration from Tether’s protocol, True USD has evolved into a more stable cryptocurrency. Users must comply with the KYC laws of the company in order to redeem TUSD pegged against USD. It has what is a stablecoin and how it works taken USD Coin a long time to reach the top of the stablecoin list since its founding in 2017. Despite that, its market capitalization is at least comparable to that of Tether at $7.5 billion.

Entrepreneurs and institutions tried the idea of creating a digital dollar and initiated the journey by launching BitUSD. They’re not built for the user experience; they’re built for utility. If you aren’t somewhat familiar with the crypto market, or if you’re just starting out, it may be too labor intensive for you to navigate a DeFi exchange, at least initially. James has 15+ years of experience in technologies ranging from Blockchain, IoT, Artificial Intelligence, and Augmented Reality. He is committed to helping enterprises, as well as individuals, thrive in today’s world of fast-paced disruptive technological change.

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Their name must have already disclosed that there are no assets backing the value of non-collateralized stablecoins. This may raise many eyebrows considering what the stablecoins actually are. Take the US dollar for example – Each USD used to be backed by gold in the past. But it changed and the US dollar hasn’t been backed by anything for decades now. For example, to get $100 worth of crypto-collateralized stablecoins, you will have to deposit $150 worth of ETH.

Fiat-collateralized stablecoins

I have a very limited knowledge of cryptocurrency and yield farming, but have recently begun learning more about it from my husband. Today, several stable coins represent decentralized versions of currencies like the EURO, the USD, and other central bank-issued national currencies. It’s the opinion of many in the industry that the only way that stablecoins can achieve true stability is through proper governmental regulation.

Disadvantages Of Stablecoin

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The stablecoin that is forfeited, seizure or subjected to freeze will be through a legal notice or such legal process executed by a law enforcement agency. Along with that, both/the company/s promoting the stablecoins must post the terms and condition of Gemini and Paxos website which is regarding the warning to consumers. A lot of businesses, especially smaller to medium-sized ones, don’t want to take the risk. If a fiat-free, price-stable currency existed, it can be a major incentive for greater innovation in the cryptospace. I’m always wary about investing in cryptocurrency because I don’t know how safe/stable it is to rely on it.

A further advantage of USDC is that it is based on Ethereum and an ERC-20 token, which is suitable for Defi applications. You should consider whether you fully understand them and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. The content https://xcritical.com/ of Coin Insider does not constitute any type of investment advice. Portugal has proposed a nearly 30% tax law on capital gains realised by cryptocurrency in its 2023 State Budget. They require auditingto ensure that the token remains fully collateralized.

Fiat-collateralized stablecoins

Seigniorage style stablecoins rely on algorithm-generated smart contracts to supply or sell tokens if the price fluctuates from pegged assets. Crypto users capitalize on the price stability element of stablecoins to reduce the transaction fees in purchasing or selling crypto assets. Many exchanges don’t impose transaction fees on crypto conversions to or from stablecoins. Rather than purchasing a specific cryptocurrency in fiat currency with transaction fees, you can use stablecoins.

Through the use of smart contracts, DAI can manage the concerns of stablecoin price. In addition to its unique features, the DAI token is an ERC-20 token based on Ethereum. Decentralized applications can thus benefit from DAI’s ability to facilitate desired levels of interoperability. The USDT or Tether is undoubtedly an important addition to the stablecoin list.

Frequently Asked Questions About Stablecoin Lending

As an alternative to fiat, it provides a place for investors to park their investments when the market is volatile. For each USDT stablecoin issued, Tether kept 1 US dollar in reserve. The goal was to keep the USDT price stabilized at approximately $1. Each USDT token can be exchanged for one US dollar locked in the reserve. USDT started slowly but took off during the 2017 Bitcoin bull run, when its total supply reached almost 10M. Adopting cryptocurrencies as a direct replacement for conventional fiat currency requires stability.

Arguably the most well-known stablecoin and – at the time of writing – one of the top ten cryptocurrencies, Tether is pegged to the US dollar. Daily, Tether sees an average trading volume of $4 billion USD, making it the largest stablecoin in daily volume and market cap. Tether has a close association with cryptocurrency exchange Bitfinex, sharing the same CEP. Another new entry among the different types of stablecoin draws attention to algorithm-backed or algorithmic stablecoins. As evident from the name, algorithmic stablecoins use algorithms or smart contracts for managing the circulating supply of the stablecoin according to the market conditions.

Fiat-collateralized stablecoins

Since the underlying asset, in this case, is also a cryptocurrency, it is not conventionally safe and may also be highly volatile. Crypto-collateralized stablecoins like DAI are less stable than fiat collateralized stablecoins. If the underlying assets decrease rapidly during a crash, holders can lose their collateral.

Commodity Backed Stablecoins

As the name implies, stablecoins aim to address this problem by promising to hold the value of the cryptocurrency steady in a variety of ways. Though Bitcoin remains the most popular cryptocurrency, it tends to suffer from high volatility in its price, or exchange rate. For instance, Bitcoin’s price rose from just under $5,000 in March 2020 to over $63,000 in April 2021 only to plunge almost 50% over the next two months.

The backing asset could be a combination of currencies, a single fiat currency, or other valuable assets. Stablecoins aim to create a stable and reliable environment to increase cryptocurrency adoption and negate digital assets’ speculative nature. They offer the best of both worlds — security and decentralization of cryptocurrencies, with fiat currencies’ stability. This category uses Seigniorage-style stablecoins to maintain the price stability of a token pegged to an asset.

Exchanges that offer lots of Tether, such as Bitifinex, would collapse. Non-collateralized stablecoins take an innovative approach to the idea by issuing coins based on a rebase mechanism or an algorithm. Rebase stablecoins like Ampleforth and Empty Set Dollar use certain mechanisms to reduce the number of tokens in circulation when it reaches a threshold.

Fiat-collateralized stablecoins

As of now, you can discover around 200 stablecoins spread all over the world. Stablecoins safeguard crypto users from the unwarranted dangers of market volatility in cryptocurrencies. The most plausible use case of stablecoins refers to the ease of liquidating digital assets into stablecoins. Therefore, crypto users can keep their assets in the crypto ecosystem itself without converting them into fiat currency.


Fiat-collateralized stablecoins are, as the name suggests, backed by sovereign currency such as the pound or the US dollar. It means that to issue a certain number of tokens of a given cryptocurrency, the issuer must offer dollar reserves worth the same amount as collateral. Importance of fiat backed stablecoin in the growth of crypto is clearly evident from their advantages. At the same time, you should also notice their limitations, such as the burden of regulations and intervention of centralized authorities.


Therefore, it can provide reliable transparency regarding information regarding its cash reserves. The overall value of stablecoin assets has crossed over $20 billion, according to a report from CB Insights. Many financial institutions looking to enter the crypto space, including JP Morgan, are interested in stablecoins.

What Are Stablecoins?

Rising gas fees on the Ethereum network pushed the need to launch the token on other networks with a relatively smaller fee. Therefore, the coin was issued on several networks, including Algorand, Solana, and Stellar. Your crypto loan transactions are typically categorized one of two ways by the IRS. If you are earning the same crypto that you loaned to borrowers, you will be paying income tax on the profits. If you are receiving a different kind of crypto in return for lending, this is likely categorized as a capital gain and you will be paying a capital gains tax. However, it’s always best to consult an experienced tax advisor who can work with you on the specifics of your situation.

This is in contrast to most cryptocurrencies which are known for their price volatility. Non-collateralized stablecoins can quickly go to zero during sudden market events as there will be no collateral to liquidate the coin back into. They are based on faith, which is something still lacking in the cryptocurrency space. Were created to serve as a means of exchange, such as a fiat currency. Due to the volatility of cryptocurrencies today, they are more like speculative assets than means of exchange. They are issued by projects and companies that define the pegging mechanism.

For example, MakerDAO’s Dai stablecoin is pegged to the U.S. dollar but backed by Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies worth 150% of the DAI stablecoin in circulation. To serve as a medium of exchange, a currency that’s not legal tender must remain relatively stable, assuring those who accept it that it will retain purchasing power in the short term. Among traditional fiat currencies, daily moves of even 1% in forex trading are relatively rare. Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies whose value is pegged, or tied, to that of another currency, commodity, or financial instrument. As blockchain technology evolves, developers and service providers have enabled a range of services to internet users.

Cryptocurrencies are based on very simplistic models, including fixed coin supply and predetermined block rewards. The understanding of fiat-pegged stablecoin basics and their importance bring you closer to the benefits and setbacks of fiat-backed stablecoins. Fiat-pegged stablecoins can ensure price stability and keep crypto users safe from market fluctuations. In addition, they allow users to stay within the crypto environment.